Wednesday, March 12, 2008

Researchers? Only 156 per million in India

India lags behind China in spending on research and development work as well as number of scientific researchers, Science and Technology Minister Kapil Sibal informed the Rajya Sabha on Wednesday.

Replying to supplementaries during Question Hour, he said the number of core researchers in India was about 1.5 lakh as compared to China's 8-10 lakh.

Number of persons doing research and development in Scandinavian countries is 7,000 per million of population and 4,700 per million of population in US. In India, there are 156 researchers per million of population.

"This is a very big issue," he said. R&D spending as percentage of GDP in India is only 0.8 per cent as compared to China's 1.23. Developed countries have R&D expenditure of upto 3 per cent of GDP. Of the 0.8 per cent expenditure in India, 80 per cent is by public sector, while the private sector share is only 20 per cent.

In China and US, the public sector share is only 30 per cent each, while in Japan it is only 18 per cent. Private sector component in R&D will have to increase, he said adding the Government had given a slew of tax incentives on R&D spend in sectors like pharma and electronics.

Sibal said to increase number of researchers in the country, university system will have to be strengthened by expanding and upgrading infrastructure as presently R&D quality in university is negligible.

The XIth Plan allocations for Scientific Departments including Departments of Science and Technology and Atomic Energy, has been increased three folds to Rs 75,304 crore during the XIth Plan (2007-2012) as compared to Rs 25,301.35 crore of Xth Plan Period, he said.

http://www.rediff.com/money/2008/mar/12rnd.htm

3 comments:

SEO Services Consultants said...

Nice information, many thanks to the author. It is incomprehensible to me now, but in general, the usefulness and significance is overwhelming. Thanks again and good luck! Web Design Company

rocky case said...

Stephen Stapinski

Really your blog is very interesting.... it contains great and unique information. I enjoyed to visiting your blog. It's just amazing.... Thanks very much for the share.

rocky case said...

Stephen Stapinski

Really your blog is very interesting.... it contains great and unique information. I enjoyed to visiting your blog. It's just amazing.... Thanks very much for the share.